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A recent report issued by the International Labour Organization finds illegal gain from forced labor of about 21 million people amounts to three times more than prior estimates. Significantly, the new estimate indicates that more than half of the people in forced labor are women and girls, primarily in commercial sexual exploitation and domestic work, while men and boys were primarily in forced economic exploitation in agriculture, construction, and mining. The breakdown of profits generated by forced economic exploitation is as follows:
US$ 34 billion in construction, manufacturing, mining and utilities
US$ 9 billion in agriculture, including forestry and fishing
US$ 8 billion saved by private households by not paying or underpaying domestic workers held in forced labor.
The report highlights income shocks and poverty as the main economic factors that push individuals into forced labor. Other factors contributing to risk and vulnerability include lack of education, illiteracy, gender and migration.
The above is an excerpt as published by the International Labour Organization
Register now for the CLE-accredited* webinar Human Trafficking: Forced Labor & Federal Enforcement scheduled Wednesday, June 25, at 2 p.m.
* 1.5 CLE Credits are available for this webinar.